In the US, the most common form of steroid testing is more sophisticated than any of these three. It’s called antibody-antigen based radioimmunoassay. This term may sound complicated, but simply put, it uses a series of antibodies to seek out and measure the concentrations of antigens in the body. Hormones like anabolic steroids are considered antigens for this purpose, and the test is surprisingly accurate. If an individual tests positive, though, chromatography is performed. This process passes either blood or urine through a very specific medium to measure the rates at which different components move. It is even more accurate than the radioimmunoassay procedure, and is used mostly by anti-doping agencies.
In truth, anabolic steroids can in fact be held accountable for certain amount of criminal activity, especially if the act involves violence. When you boost the testosterone levels in your body through artificaial means you are not allowing your body to produce its own testosterone. In this case, the hormonal imbalance can cause unnecessary aggression. Sometimes this roid rage is important because it helps increase the competitive spirit in the user; however, it can have certain side effects such as prolonged rage even after the competitive environment ceases to exist . There can also be some amount of depression as the body recuperates.